previous

previous

adj.(形容詞)[A]先前的,以前的 coming before in time or order [P]過早的,過急的 acting too soon

基本信息

詳細釋義

adj.(形容詞)

以前的,前的,先的,先前的,前面的,以往的

<口>過早的,過急的

前人的

原來的,就有的

1.

以前的,前的,先的,先前的,前面的,以往的

2.

<口>過早的,過急的

3.

前人的

4.

原來的,就有的

adv.(副詞)

在前,在先,在以前, 在...以前

1.

在前,在先,在以前, 在...以前

雙語例句

非謂語

It happened previous to his arrival there. 事件發生於他到那兒以前。

You must collect enough materials previous to your writing. 你在寫作之前必須收集好足夠的材料。

用作定語~+ n.

The author mentioned it in the previous paragraph. 作者在前一段里提到這件事。

He said he had arrived on the previous night. 他說他是在前一天夜裡到達的。

His previous attempts had been unsuccessful. 他以前的嘗試沒成功。

A previous engagement prevents me from accepting your kind invitation. 我因事前有了約會,不能接受您的盛情邀請。

用作表語S+be+~+ prep .-phrase

Don't be too previous about refusing. 別過急地拒絕。

Aren't you rather previous in supposing that I will marry you? 你以為我會同你結婚,你這想法不是過早了嗎?

1.

It happened previous to his arrival there. 事件發生於他到那兒以前。

2.

You must collect enough materials previous to your writing. 你在寫作之前必須收集好足夠的材料。

用作定語

3.

The author mentioned it in the previous paragraph. 作者在前一段里提到這件事。

4.

He said he had arrived on the previous night. 他說他是在前一天夜裡到達的。

5.

His previous attempts had been unsuccessful. 他以前的嘗試沒成功。

6.

A previous engagement prevents me from accepting your kind invitation. 我因事前有了約會,不能接受您的盛情邀請。

用作表語S+be+~+ prep .-phrase

7.

Don't be too previous about refusing. 別過急地拒絕。

8.

Aren't you rather previous in supposing that I will marry you? 你以為我會同你結婚,你這想法不是過早了嗎?

常見短語

•previous to

1.

在…之前before; prior to

Previous to that, we had traveled by car to Paris. 在那之前,我們坐車去了巴黎。

Previous to coming here,I worked in London. 來此之前,我在倫敦工作。

辭彙搭配

•用作形容詞 (adj.)

•~+介詞

•previous to departure在出發之前

•previous to sb's arrival在某人到達之前

詞義搭配

previous foregoing preceding prior former

這些形容詞均可表示“在前的”之意。

previous:previous指時間上、順序上較早的,或指正在談論的某事的前一個。

foregoing:foregoing指前所述的,是following的反義詞。

preceding:preceding特指時間和地位上緊接在前。

prior:prior與previous同義,常可換用,但prior有時強調更大的重要性,對比意味強。

former:former系latter的反義詞,比prior更著重對比。

詞源搭配

1625年進入英語,直接源自拉丁語的prvius:pr (之)前 + via (路),意為之前的路。

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