believe[英文單詞]

believe[英文單詞]

believe是一個英文單詞,英音是[bi'li:v],是及物動詞、不及物動詞,意思是相信;信任;認為;猜想;料想;篤信宗教等。

詞性

及物動詞

vt. [W]

1. 相信;信任[+(that)]

他的話我一句也不信。

2. 認為;猜想,料想[+(that)][O2]

eg: We believe Mr. Smith to be innocent.

我們認為史密斯先生是無辜的。

I believe he has come.

我想他已經到了。

不及物動詞

vi. [W]

1. 篤信宗教

eg:The Hendersons seldom go to church, but they believe.

亨德森一家很少去教堂做禮拜,但他們篤信宗教。

2. 相信;信任;信仰[(+in)]

eg:He did not believe in Howard's honesty.

他不相信霍華德為人真誠。

3. 猜想,料想

詞語形式

•1

•VERB相信;認為If youbelievethat something is true, you think that it is true, but you are not sure.語法信息

•Experts believe that the coming drought will be extensive...

•專家們認為即將發生的旱災將侵襲大片地區。

•2

•VERB相信(某人或某人的話)If youbelievesomeone or if youbelievewhat they say or write, you accept that they are telling the truth.語法信息

•He did not sound as if he believed her...

•他聽起來似乎並不相信她。

•3

•VERB相信有…;認為…存在If youbelieve infairies, ghosts, or miracles, you are sure that they exist or happen. If youbelieve ina god, you are sure of the existence of that god.語法信息

•I don't believe in ghosts...

•我不相信有鬼。

•4

•VERB認為…是應該的(或正確的)If youbelieve ina way of life or an idea, you are in favour of it because you think it is good or right.語法信息

•He believed in marital fidelity.

•他認為婚內應該忠誠。

•5

•VERB對…有信心;信任;信賴If youbelieve insomeone or what they are doing, you have confidence in them and think that they will be successful.語法信息

•If you believe in yourself you can succeed.

•只要自信,就能成功。

•Usage Note:

•Note that when you are using the verbbelievewiththat-clause in order to state a negative opinion or belief, you normally makebelievenegative, rather than the verb. For instance, it is more usual to say 'He didn't believe she could do it...' than 'He believed she couldn't do it'. The same applies to other verbs with a similar meaning, such asconsider,suppose, andthink. I don't consider that you kept your promise... I don't suppose he ever saw it... I don't think he saw me.

•注意,當 believe 和 that 從句連用陳述否定的觀點或看法時,通常對 believe 而不是從句中的動詞加以否定。例如,通常說 He didn't believe she could do it(他認為她做不到),而很少說 He believed she couldn't do it。同樣的句型結構也適用於 consider, suppose 和 think 等意思相近的動詞:I don't consider that you kept your promise(我認為你沒有遵守諾言),I don't suppose he ever saw it(我想他從沒見過它),I don't think he saw me(我認為他沒有看到我)。

•6

•VERB(表示驚奇)難以置信Believeis used in expressions such asI can't believe howorit's hard to believe thatin order to express surprise, for example because something bad has happened or something very difficult has been achieved.語法信息

•Many officers I spoke to found it hard to believe what was happening around them...

•很多和我談過的官員都覺得發生在他們周圍的事情令人難以置信。

•7

•PHRASE(表示對所見所聞驚訝不已)相信自己的眼睛/耳朵If you say that you cannotbelieve your eyesor cannotbelieve your ears, you are emphasizing that you are very surprised about something you have seen or heard.語法信息

•I could not believe my eyes. She was far more beautiful than I had imagined.

•我簡直不敢相信自己的眼睛。她比我想像的漂亮多了。

•8

•PHRASE(強調剛才所述之事令人吃驚)信不信由你You can usebelieve it or notto emphasize that what you have just said is surprising.語法信息

•That's normal, believe it or not.

•那很正常,信不信由你。

•9

•PHRASE(強調對某事感到驚訝)你會相信嗎?If you saywould you believe it, you are emphasizing your surprise about something.語法信息

•And would you believe it, he's younger than me!

•你信嗎?他比我年輕!

•10

•PHRASE(強調所述屬實)相信我You can usebelieve you meto emphasize that what you are saying is true.語法信息

•It's absolutely amazing, believe you me.

•這太不可思議了,真的。

例句

1

Expertsbelievethatthecomingdroughtwillbeextensive.

專家們認為即將發生的旱災將侵襲大片地區。

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2

Hedidnotsoundasifhebelievedher.

他聽起來似乎並不相信她。

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3

Idon'tbelieveinghosts.

我不相信有鬼。

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4

Hebelievedinmaritalfidelity.

他認為婚內應該忠誠。

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5

Ifyoubelieveinyourselfyoucansucceed.

只要自信,就能成功。

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6

ManyofficersIspoketofoundithardtobelievewhatwashappeningaroundthem.

很多和我談過的官員都覺得發生在他們周圍的事情令人難以置信。

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7

Icouldnotbelievemyeyes.ShewasfarmorebeautifulthanIhadimagined.

我簡直不敢相信自己的眼睛。她比我想像的漂亮多了。

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8

That'snormal,believeitornot.

那很正常,信不信由你。

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9

Andwouldyoubelieveit,he'syoungerthanme!

你信嗎?他比我年輕!

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10

It'sabsolutelyamazing,believeyoume.

這太不可思議了,真的。

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11

Ibelieveyouhavesomethingofmine.

我想你拿了我什麼東西。

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12

Themainproblem,Ibelieve,lieselsewhere.

主要的問題,我認為,出在別的地方。

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13

Webelievethemtobehiddenhereinthisapartment.

我們相信他們就被藏在這套公寓裡。

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14

'You'veneverheardofhim?'&'Idon'tbelieveso.'

“你從來沒有聽說過他?”&“我認為不是這樣的。”

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15

Neverbelieveanythingamarriedmansaysabouthiswife.

永遠不要相信一個已婚男人說的任何有關他妻子的話。

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