斑鳩菊族

斑鳩菊族

斑鳩菊族,菊科,草本,灌木,或稀喬木。分兩個亞族,即斑鳩菊亞族 Subtrib.Vernoninae O.Hoffm,和地膽草亞族 Subtrib.Lychnophorinae,O.Hoffm。

基本信息

簡介

草本灌木,或稀喬木。葉互生,全緣或有鋸齒。頭狀花序盤狀,有同形的管狀花;總 苞片通常多層,或稀2層,覆瓦狀排列,草質,乾膜質或革質,外層漸短;花托平或稍凸起,無毛或多少流蘇狀;花兩性,全部結果實,花冠管狀,紫色,淡紅紫或白色,極少金黃色,檐部鍾狀,具5裂片;花葯頂端有附片,基部2淺裂,耳

Vernonia baldwiniiVernonia baldwinii

形,尖銳,或戟形,稀具尾;花柱分枝通常細長,頂端鑽形或尖,外面被微毛,無附器;瘦果圓柱形或稍扁壓,具5-10條肋,或具4-5棱;冠毛毛片狀或膜片狀,1或2,稀無冠毛。本族分兩個亞族,即斑鳩菊亞族 Subtrib.Vernoninae O.Hoffm,和地膽草亞族 Subtrib.Lychnophorinae,O.Hoffm,本族在中國有5個屬,分別隸於上述兩個亞族。

品種

斑鳩菊屬的品種遍布於南北美洲、非洲及東南亞,而且。因為經常與同屬的相近品種雜交而聞名。現時斑鳩菊屬已知的品種多達一千種,以下列出部份比較知名的品種:

北美洲

Vernonia acaulis

Vernonia cinerea with its pollinator bee at Ananthagiri Hills, in Rangareddy district of Andhra Pradesh, India.Vernonia cinerea with its pollinator bee at Ananthagiri Hills, in Rangareddy district of Andhra Pradesh, India.

Vernonia arkansana
Vernonia angustifolia
Vernonia baldwinii
Vernonia blodgettii
Vernonia fasciculata
Vernonia flaccidifolia
Vernonia gigantea or Vernonia altissima
Vernonia glauca
Vernonia larseniae
Vernonia lettermannii
Vernonia lindheimeri
Vernonia marginata
Vernonia missurica
Vernonia noveboracensis
Vernonia pulchella
Vernonia texana

非洲

Vernonia amygdalina

Psyche (Leptosia nina) on a Ash Fleabane or Little ironweed (Vernonia cinerea),攝於印度西孟加拉邦的加爾各答。Psyche (Leptosia nina) on a Ash Fleabane or Little ironweed (Vernonia cinerea),攝於印度西孟加拉邦的加爾各答。

Vernonia bamendae
Vernonia calvoana
Vernonia colorata
Vernonia galamensis
Vernonia staehelinoides

亞洲

夜香牛 Vernonia cinerea
Vernonia cockburniana
Vernonia unicata
Vernonia zollingerianoides

南美洲

Vernonia nonoensis
Vernonia patens

不同品種的斑鳩菊屬植物圖片

Vernonia cinerea in Talakona forest, in Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh, India.Vernonia cinerea in Talakona forest, in Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh, India.

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